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Shalimar Garden


Shalimar Garden Is "Garden Of Love"

Garden of love was built by Emperor Jehangir for his wife Nur Jehan in 1616. It is 2 major houses which is called the Diwan-e-Khas and Diwan-e-Aam.

This celebrated Mughal garden of Kashmir owes its grandeur primarily to Emperor Jahangir, who was responsible for manoeuvring it to suit the requirements of the traditional paradise gardens.

They are invariably at the foot of a mountain, wherever there is a source of water either in the form of streams or springs and take the form of terraced garden layouts. The Mughal engineering skills and aesthetics helped in exploiting the dominating natural landscape and the available water resources to their maximum potential and achieved an unparalleled height of perfection.

Emperor Jahangir built his celebrated Shalimar Bagh, his dream project to please his queen.

During the Mughal period in particular, Emperor Jahangir and his wife Nur Jahan were so enamoured of Kashmir that during summer they moved to Srinagar with their full court entourage from Delhi at least 13 times. Shalimar Bagh was their imperial summer residence and the Royal Court.

The layout of the garden is an adaptation of another Islamic garden layout known as the Persian gardens. This garden built on a flat land on a square plan with four radiating arms from a central location as the water source.

It needed to be modified to suit the hilly terrain and availability of a well, which could be diverted from a higher elevation to the planned gardens. Modifications involved the main channel running through the garden axially from top to the lowest point.

The garden was linked to the open Dal Lake water through a canal of about 1 mile (1.6 km) length and 12 yards (11 m) in width that ran through swampy quagmire.

Willow groves and rice terraces fringed the lake edge. Broad green paths bordered the lake with rows of chinar trees. The garden was laid in trellised walkways lined by avenues of aspen trees planted at 2 feet (0.61 m) interval